By Ellie / Last Updated December 15, 2022

How do I use Remote Desktop over LAN?

 

How do I use the Windows built-in feature Remote Desktop Connection over LAN? I need a full tutorial.”

- Question from Reddit

Remote Desktop Connection allows you to remotely access a computer over LAN and over the internet. The difference is that using Remote Desktop Connection over LAN doesn’t require you to set up port forwarding. Let’s see how to make this happen.

How to use Remote Desktop Connection over LAN

The whole Remote Desktop Connection setup process is a little bit complicated. So we divide it into the following 4 parts.

Part 1. Checking the permission of remote connections

Step 1. On the host computer, press Win + R, input “sysdm.cpl” and press Enter.

Run Command Sysdm.cpl

Step 2. Go to the Remote tab, and ensure that "Allow remote connections to this computer" is checked. And then click OK.

Remote Desktop Tab

Part 2. Changing the Windows Firewall settings

Step 1. On the host computer, select: Control Panel > System and Security > Windows Defender Firewall.

defender firewall

Step 2. Click Allow an app or feature through Windows Defender Firewall on the left navigation.

allow app or feature

Step 3. Check Remote Desktop and hit OK.

tick remote deskop

Part 3. Assigning a static IP address

The IP address in the local network is another thing we require. Later, we can configure the client computer using the IPv4 address. However, the router has set this IP and it is not the public IP address. In the majority of local networks, it varies each time a PC connects to the network. Therefore, Remote Desktop Connection won't always work. Therefore, we're going to give this PC a Static IP Address.

Step 1. To launch Command Prompt, press Win + R again, type "cmd," and press Enter. To get the IP for Remote Desktop, type "ipconfig" and hit Enter. You can now see a collection of IP addresses.

Find The Computer Name in The Console

Step 2. Click Start and then click Settings. Find Network & Internet and then click it.

Network and Internet

Step 3. On the Network & Internet interface, find Advanced network settings, and click Change adapter options below.

Change Adapter Options

Step 4. Right-click your network and then click Properties.

Network Properties

Step 5. Tick Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and click Properties.

Internet Protocol Version 4

Step 6. Turn on Use the following IP address in the General tab, and change the IP address to a Static IP address. For example, if your router IP is 192.168.0.1, your usable IP is from 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254. You can use 192.168.0.45 as your Static IP.

Set the Subnet mask to the default values, 225.225.225.0.

Set the Default gateway to the Default Gateway address noted down above.

Then turn on Use the following DNS server addresses, set the Preferred DNS server to the same Default Gateway address, and set the Alternate DNS server to Google DNS, 8.8.8.8.

Click OK to apply changes.

IPv4 Properties

Part 4. Getting the remote PC name

Open the Command Prompt again, and type in “query user” to get the PC name.

Find The Username in The Control Panel

Part 5. Gaining access to the remote desktop

Now everything is ready. You can start to access the remote computer. Let’s see how to use Remote Desktop on local network Windows 10, 11.

Step 1. On the client computer, press Win + R, and type “mstsc” in the Run Dialog box to open the Remote Desktop Connection.

run box mstsc

Step 2. Click Show Options, type in the IP address and name of the host computer and then click Connect.

general tab

Step 3. Input the password of the client computer in the pop-up window, and press OK.

enter your credentials

Bonus tip: Connecting Remote Desktop over internet

Connecting Remote Desktop over internet requires an additional step, port forwarding. You’ll have to switch port 3389 to the IP address of your computer in your router, and then connect to the public address of your router specifying this port.

Step 1. Enter "what is my ip" into the search bar of the browser, then write down your public IP address (not to share it with anyone else in case of security issues).

my public ip address

Step 2. Enter the IP address of your router in a web browser once it is open. Then a privacy warning will appear. To proceed, select Advanced > Continue.

proceed to connect

Step 3. Enter the username and password for your router in the box, then click Login.

h3c router login

Step 4. From the left pane, select Port Forwarding/Port Triggering. To add a new port forwarding rule, click Add and select Add Custom Service.

add custom service

Step 5. In the Port Forwarding interface, choose the port you want to forward (if you are unsure of the protocol being used, choose TCP/UDP or Both under Service Type). Click apply after selecting the IP address of the device you want to port forward.

set up port mapping

Step 6. Follow the same steps on how to use Remote Desktop Connection over LAN, you can connect to a remote desktop over the internet now.

An easier way to access remote desktop over LAN & over internet

It is recommended to use the free remote access software AnyViewer to access remote desktops over LAN and over internet. It is easy to set up. Even if the remote computer is not in the local network, you can access it directly with AnyViewer. No more complicated port forwarding process.

Besides, AnyViewer is perfectly compatible with Windows Home and Windows Standard editions, which don’t support Remote Desktop. This is another reason that makes AnyViewer the best Remote Desktop alternative.

Download Freeware Win PCs & Servers
Secure Download

Step 1. Install and run AnyViewer on both of your computers. Navigate to Log in and then Sign up on the Controller computer (if you have already registered on the official website, you can log in directly).

Log in AnyViewer

Step 2. Fill out the sign-up form.

Sign Up for AnyViewer

Step 3. You should now see that you have successfully logged into AnyViewer. Your device will be assigned to the account to which you have logged in automatically.

Free Editions

Step 4. Log in to the same AnyViewer account on the two devices, then you can click One-click control to achieve a direct connection, click View the screen to see another’s screen, or click File transfer to share files between computers.

Connect to My Devices

Notes:✎...
Additionally, you can change your account's plan to a Professional or Enterprise one. What a business or professional plan can provide for you is:
More devices will be allowed to assign to the same account for unattended remote access.
More connection channels for more devices to be able to start remote connection at the same time.
One device can connect to more devices simultaneously.
Black the remote PC screen and disable the remote keyboard & mouse click to protect privacy.
Transfer 1TB files at 10 MB/s. 

The bottom line

This post primarily introduces how to use Remote Desktop Connection over LAN and over the internet. Besides, it also provides you with an easier way to access remote computers from anywhere. Try AnyViewer right away.